In 1854, the Château Penin estate was acquired by Louis Carteyron and his son Jacques. At the time, the property produced both fruit and wine and would continue to do so for over a century. With the 1964 vintage, fourth generation Hubert Carteyron began to bottle and sell the wine directly. When Hubert’s son Patrick, an established oenologist, assumed direction of Château Penin in 1982, plantings of fruit trees were phased out and replaced by vineyards, marking the beginning of the estate’s renaissance.
Château Penin is located due east of the city of Bordeaux, on the left bank of the Dordogne River across from St.-Emilion, occupying a terrace between the limestone plateau of Entre-Deux-Mers and the Dordogne marshland. The estate is situated on terroir unusual in this part of the Bordeaux estuary, consisting of gravel and pebble topsoils of Quaternary origin washed downriver from the Massif Central overlying red sand and galets. Varying in depth from 15 to 24 feet, these warm, meager soils bring fruit to excellent ripeness and concentration.
With new vineyard development, the facilities were also transformed. Between 1985 and 1990, a new vinification cellar, barrel cellar and bottle storage cellar, all temperature-controlled, were completed. In 1998 the latter two were enlarged, and in 2001 a new vinification facility was added. Investments have since been made in new harvesting and vinification equipment as well as in a sustainable water recycling system. Every measure has been taken to enhance the quality of the wines.
Involved in every aspect of vineyard management and production, Patrick Carteyron continues to direct the responsibilities of his small team with whom he works very closely from harvest to blending. The château produces a dozen cuvées, most based on Merlot, ranging from site-specific Bordeaux reds to crisp rosés to a classic white Bordeaux blend. Average production of 300,000 bottles annually is distributed half within France and half to the European, Asian and American export markets.
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